Divorce & Remarriage
24:1 When a (Castor) man hath taken a (Pollux) wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his (lunar) eyes, because he hath found some (red radius) uncleanness in her: then let him (Castor) (red radius) write her a (lunar white) bill of divorcement, and give it in her (Pollux) hand, and send her out of his (red radius) house.
2 And when she (Pollux) is departed out of his (red radius) house, she may go and be another (Castor) man's wife.
3 And if the latter (Castor) husband hate her, and (red radius) write her a (lunar white) bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband (red radius) die, which took her to be his (Pollux) wife;
4 Her former (Castor) husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his (Pollux) wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the (Shekinah) Lord: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the (Shekinah) Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
5 When a (Castor) man hath taken a new (Pollux) wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.
Some Jews interpreted Deuteronomy 24 as allowing DIVORCE for "every cause" (Matt.19:3). For instance, "if she spoils a dish in cooking" or "if he finds a woman more handsome than she" (Talmud Gittin. 9:10; Ant.4:8:23; Life & Times 2:332-334). Or even "speaking to her husband so loudly that the neighbors could hear her in the adjoining house" (Chethub 7:6) (see Sketches of Jewish Social Life, pp.157-158). Thus Luke 16:18 can be translated, "who DIVORCES his wife to MARRY another" (Charles B. Williams).
A rabbi named HILLEL taught that an Israelite could DIVORCE his wife for ANY CAUSE whatever because Deuteronomy 24:1 mentions "indecency in ANYTHING" (Gittin. 9:10). A rabbi named SHAMMAI taught that an Israelite could only divorce his wife if she were UNCHASTE because Deuteronomy 24:1 mentions "INDECENCY in anything." Each school emphasized a different word in this verse. Matthew 19:9 is Jesus' restatement of Deuteronomy 24:1 with "fornication" being the only "uncleanness" or "nakedness" of anything. Jesus dropped the phrase that "she find no favor in his eyes" since men's personal views were subject to God's. This had been one of the chief arguments of the School of HILLEL in advocating the "every cause" DIVORCE (Matt.19:3; cp. pp.333-334 of Life & Times). This upset even Christ's disciples (19:10).
Incidentally, there was no need to mention REMARRIAGE in Matthew 5 or 19 for either partner because there was never any question about this. It was allowed by both HILLEL and SHAMMAI and by Moses (Deut.24:1-4) and Christ. Of course, the command, "Thou shalt not commit adultery" (Ex.20:14) is stripped of all its meaning by the School of HILLEL. It becomes ineffectual and powerless if a man can DIVORCE his wife for any petty reason.
6 No man shall take the nether or the upper (lunar) millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.
7 If a man be found stealing any of his (Gemini) brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that (Perseus) thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
8 Take heed in the plague of (lunar white) leprosy, that thou observe diligently, and do according to all that the (Ophiuchus & Hercules) priests the Levites shall teach you: as I commanded them, so ye shall observe to do.
9 Remember what the (Shekinah) Lord thy God did unto (Pollux) Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt.
10 When thou (Castor) dost lend thy (Pollux) brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his (red radius) house to fetch his (lunar) pledge.
11 Thou shalt (Castor) stand abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend (Pollux) shall bring out the (lunar) pledge abroad unto thee.
12 And if the (Pollux) man be poor, thou (Castor) shalt not sleep with his (lunar) pledge:
13 In any case thou shalt deliver him the (lunar) pledge again when the sun (sun on red radius horizon) goeth down, that he may sleep in his own (lunar) raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the (Shekinah) Lord thy God.
14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired (Perseus) servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy (Gemini) brethren, or of thy (Ophiuchus & Hercules) strangers that are in thy land within thy (lunar or solar) gates:
15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the (sun on red radius horizon) sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his (lunar) heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the (Shekinah) Lord, and it be sin unto thee.
16 The (Gemini) fathers shall not be put to death for the (Gemini) children, neither shall the (Gemini) children be put to death for the (Gemini) fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the (Perseus) stranger, nor of the (Perseus) fatherless; nor take a (Pollux) widow's (lunar) raiment to pledge:
18 But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the (Shekinah) Lord thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
19 When thou (Perseus) cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a (lunar) sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the (Perseus) stranger, for the (Castor) fatherless, and for the (Pollux) widow: that the (Shekinah) Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine (lunar) hands.
20 When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the (Perseus) stranger, for the (Castor) fatherless, and for the (Pollux) widow.
21 When thou gatherest the (lunar and solar) grapes of thy (red radius) vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the (Perseus) stranger, for the (Castor) fatherless, and for the (Pollux) widow.
22 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt: therefore I command thee to do this thing.