Exodus Chapter 31 Star Chart: Clockwise from when "whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be (Perseus' sword) cut off from among his (Gemini) people. Six days may work be done (6 x 60° = 360° starting at Perseus); but in the seventh (60° starting at Perseus) is the (red radius) sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord: whosoever doeth any work in the (60° starting at Perseus) sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death (Auriga is sitting down resting. Perseus and Gemini are killed for working). Wherefore the (Gemini) children of Israel shall keep the (red radius 60° starting at Perseus) sabbath, to observe the (red radius 60°) sabbath throughout their (Gemini) generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign (red radius shin since God's presence is in it) between me and the (Gemini) children of Israel for ever: for in six days (6 x 60° = 360°) the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh (60° starting at Perseus) day he rested, and was refreshed. And he gave unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon (red radius) mount Sinai, two (lunar white) tables of testimony, (lunar white) tables of stone, written with the (red radius) finger of (Shekinah) God." (Ex. 31:14-18)
Why is SUNDAY called the "mark of the BEAST" (Rev. 16:2) or the "mark of the Roman Empire" (Dan. 7:7 & Rev. 17:3)? Because the lion (Leo), bear (Ursa Major), leopard (Ursa Minor) and snake (Hydra) are all found 60° clockwise after the Sabbath is ended. They occupy SUNDAY. The three red radius lines turned upside down become bbb (Rev. 13:18) or 666.
Exodus Chapter 32 Star Chart: Clockwise from "when the (Gemini) people saw that (Ophiuchus) Moses delayed to come down out of the (red radius) mount, the (Gemini) people gathered themselves together unto (Hercules) Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us (Taurus, Drago, solar disk) gods, which shall go before us .... And (Hercules) Aaron said unto them, Break off the (solar) golden earrings, which are in the (lunar) ears of your (Gemini) wives, of your (Gemini) sons, and of your (Gemini) daughters, and bring them unto me" (Ex. 32:1-2) till "all the (Gemini) people brake off the (solar) golden earrings which were in their (lunar) ears, and brought them unto (Hercules) Aaron" (Ex. 32:3) is 510° or 1 hour 25 minutes if each 360° = 1 hour.
Then from when "he received them at their (Castor, Perseus, Cetus, Canis Minor) hand, and fashioned it with a (red radius) graving tool, after he had made it a (Taurus) molten calf: and they (red radius) said, These be thy (Taurus, Drago, lunar horns, solar disk) gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt" (Ex. 32:4) till
"when (Hercules) Aaron (red radius) saw it, he built an (lunar) altar before it; and (Hercules) Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the Lord" (Ex. 32:5) is 720° minutes (360° + 360°) or 12 hours .
Then from when "they rose up early on the (sun on red radius horizon) morrow, and offered (solar) burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the (Gemini) people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play" (Ex. 32:6) till "the (solar Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy (Gemini) people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves" (Ex. 32:7) is 360° or 1 hour if each 360° = 1 hour. Etcetera.
Notice that the Israelites are now worshipping the astronomical "pattern that was showed thee in the mount" (Ex. 25:40) by placing the sun 180° between the lunar horns as previously instructed in a different context (cp. Ex. 13:9,16; Ex. 31) which happens to have the same elements as an Apis bull they knew about in Egypt.
Exodus Chapter 33 Star Chart: Clockwise from "when (Ophiuchus) Moses went out unto the (red radius) tabernacle, that all the (Perseus, Gemini) people rose up, and stood every (Perseus, Gemini) man at his tent door, and (lunar eyeballs) looked after (Ophiuchus) Moses, until he was gone into the (red radius) tabernacle" (33:8) till "as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy (Milky Way) pillar descended, and stood at the (red radius) door of the tabernacle, and the (Shekinah) Lord talked with (Ophiuchus) Moses" (33:9-10) is 360° degree seconds.
"And all the (Gemini) people (lunar eyeballs) saw the cloudy (Milky Way) pillar stand at the (red radius) tabernacle door: and all the (Gemini) people rose up and worshipped, every (Perseus, Gemini) man in his (red radius) tent door" (33:10) from 150° to 210° seconds later.
The Sabbath is an Identifying Sign
to be Kept Holy Forever
31:1 And the (Shekinah) Lord (red radius) spake unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, saying,
2 See, I have called by name Bezaleel (Perseus) the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
3 And I have filled him with the (Milky Way) spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
4 To devise cunning works, to work in (solar) gold, and in (lunar) silver, and in (solar) brass,
5 And in cutting of (lunar and solar) stones, to set them, and in carving of (green Milky Way) timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan (Castor and Pollux): and in the hearts of all (constellations) that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;
7 The (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation, and the (red radius) ark of the testimony, and the (red radius) mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the (red radius) furniture of the tabernacle,
8 And the (red radius) table and his furniture, and the pure (red radius) candlestick with all his furniture, and the (red radius) altar of incense,
9 And the (red radius) altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the (red radius) laver and his foot,
10 And the (red radius) cloths of service, and the holy garments for (Hercules) Aaron the priest, and the garments of his (Gemini) sons, to minister in the priest's office,
11 And the (solar) anointing oil, and sweet (red radius stick) incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do..
12 And the (Shekinah) Lord spake unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, saying,
13 Speak thou also unto the (Gemini) children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you.
14 Ye shall (red radius) keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be (red radius sword) put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be (Perseus' sword) cut off from among his (Gemini) people.
15 Six days may work be done (6 x 60° = 360° starting at Perseus); but in the seventh (60° starting at Perseus) is the (red radius) sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death (Auriga is sitting down resting. Perseus and Gemini are killed for working).
16 Wherefore the (Gemini) children of Israel shall keep the (red radius 60°) sabbath, to observe the (red radius 60°) sabbath throughout their (Gemini) generations, for a perpetual covenant.
17 It is a sign between me and the (Gemini) children of Israel for ever: for in six days (6 x 60° = 360°) the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh (60°) day he rested, and was refreshed.
18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two (lunar white) tables of testimony, (lunar white) tables of stone, written with the (red radius) finger of (Shekinah) God.
The Golden (Taurus) Calf With (Solar) Disk
Between (Lunar) Horns Over (Drago) Cobra
32:1 And when the (Gemini) people saw that (Ophiuchus) Moses delayed to come down out of the (red radius) mount, the (Gemini) people gathered themselves together unto (Hercules) Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this (Ophiuchus) Moses, the man that brought us up out of the (red radius) land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
2 And (Hercules) Aaron said unto them, Break off the (solar) golden earrings, which are in the (lunar) ears of your (Gemini) wives, of your (Gemini) sons, and of your (Gemini) daughters, and bring them unto me.
3 And all the (Gemini) people brake off the (solar) golden earrings which were in their (lunar) ears, and brought them unto (Hercules) Aaron.
4 And he received them at their (Castor, Perseus, Cetus, Canis Minor) hand, and fashioned it with a (red radius) graving tool, after he had made it a (Taurus) molten calf: and they (red radius) said, These be thy (Taurus, Drago, lunar horns, sun disk) gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
5 And when (Hercules) Aaron (red radius) saw it, he built an (lunar) altar before it; and (Hercules) Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the Lord.
6 And they rose up early on the (sun on red radius horizon) morrow, and offered (solar) burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the (Gemini) people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
7 And the (solar Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy (Gemini) people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:
8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I (red radius) commanded them: they have made them a (Taurus) molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have (solar) sacrificed thereunto, and (red radius) said, These be thy (Taurus, Drago, lunar horns, solar disk) gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
9 And the (Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, I have (lunar eyeballs) seen this (Gemini) people, and, behold, it is a (Canis Major red radius rebar) stiffnecked people:
10 Now therefore let me alone, that my (solar fiery) wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may (red radius) consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
11 And Moses (Ophiuchus) (red radius) besought the Lord his God, and said, Lord, why doth thy (solar) wrath wax hot against thy (Gemini) people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty (Castor) hand?
12 Wherefore should the (Gemini) Egyptians (red radius) speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the (red radius) mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce (solar) wrath, and repent of this evil against thy (Gemini) people.
13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy (Gemini and Perseus) servants, to whom thou (Cepheus) swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.
14 And the (Shekinah) Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his (Gemini) people.
15 And (Ophiuchus) Moses turned, and went down from the (red radius) mount, and the two (lunar white) tables of the testimony were in his hand: the (lunar) tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.
16 And the (lunar) tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, (red radius) graven upon the (lunar) tables.
17 And when Joshua (lunar ears) heard the noise of the (Gemini) people as they (red radius) shouted, he said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.
18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.
19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the (Taurus) calf, and the (Perseus) dancing: and Moses' (solar) anger waxed hot, and he cast the (lunar) tables out of his hands, and (red radius) brake them beneath the (red radius) mount.
20 And he took the (Taurus) calf which they had made, and (solar) burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the (Cetus, Drago, Ophiuchus, Hercules) children of Israel drink of it.
21 And (Ophiuchus) Moses said unto (Hercules) Aaron, What did this (Gemini) people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?
22 And (Hercules) Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax (solar) hot: thou knowest the (Gemini) people, that they are set on mischief.
23 For they (red radius) said unto me, Make us (Taurus, Drago, solar disk) gods, which shall go before us: for as for this (Ophiuchus) Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
24 And I (red radius) said unto them, Whosoever hath any (solar) gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the (solar) fire, and there came out this (Taurus) calf.
25 And when (Ophiuchus) Moses (lunar eyeballs) saw that the (Gemini) people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their (red radius) (Drago, Cetus, Canis Major) shame among their enemies:)
26 Then (Ophiuchus) Moses stood in the (solar) gate of the (red radius) camp, and said, Who is on the Lord's side? let him come unto me. And all the (Gemini, Perseus) sons of Levi (red radius) gathered themselves together unto him.
27 And he (red radius) said unto them, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Put every (Perseus) man his sword by his side, and go in and out from (lunar) gate to (lunar) gate throughout the (red radius) camp, and (red radius) slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.
28 And the (Gemini) children of Levi did according to the (red radius) word of (Ophiuchus) Moses: and there fell of the (Gemini) people that day about three thousand men.
29 For (Ophiuchus) Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.
30 And it came to pass on the (sun on red radius horizon) morrow, that (Ophiuchus) Moses said unto the (Gemini) people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the Lord; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.
Did this occur on Yom Kippur?
31 And (Ophiuchus) Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, Oh, this (Gemini) people have sinned a great sin, and have made them (Taurus, Drago, lunar horns, sun disk) gods of gold.
32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy (lunar) book which thou hast written.
33 And the (Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my (lunar white) book.
34 Therefore now go, lead the (Gemini) people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel (Perseus) shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.
35 And the Lord (red radius) plagued the (Gemini) people, because they made the (Taurus) calf, which (Hercules) Aaron made.
God Dwelt Outside the Camp Alone
-- "Holy" Means "Separate"
33:1 And the (Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the (Gemini) people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:
2 And I will send an angel (Perseus) before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:
3 Unto a land (red radius) flowing with (lunar and Milky Way) milk and (solar) honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a (red radius rebar) stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.
4 And when the (Gemini) people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his (solar or lunar) ornaments.
5 For the (Shekinah) Lord had said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, Say unto the (Gemini) children of Israel, Ye are a (red radius rebar) (Canis Major) stiffnecked (Gemini) people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy (solar and lunar) ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
6 And the (Gemini) children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the (red radius) mount Horeb.
7 And (Ophiuchus) Moses took the (red radius) tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the (red radius) Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the Lord went out unto the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.
"Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate" (Heb. 13:12). "Person non Grata" "separate from sinners" (Heb. 7:26). The word "holy" actually means "separate".
8 And it came to pass, when (Ophiuchus) Moses went out unto the (red radius) tabernacle, that all the (Gemini) people rose up, and stood every (Perseus) man at his tent door, and (lunar eyeballs) looked after (Ophiuchus) Moses, until he was gone into the (red radius) tabernacle.
9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy (Milky Way) pillar descended, and stood at the (red radius) door of the tabernacle, and the (Shekinah) Lord talked with (Ophiuchus) Moses.
10 And all the (Gemini) people (lunar eyeballs) saw the cloudy (Milky Way) pillar stand at the (red radius) tabernacle door: and all the (Gemini) people rose up and worshipped, every (Perseus) man in his (red radius) tent door.
11 And the (Shekinah) Lord spake unto (Ophiuchus) Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the (red radius) tabernacle.
12 And (Ophiuchus) Moses said unto the (Shekinah) Lord, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this (Gemini) people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my (lunar eyeballs) sight.
13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy (lunar eyeballs) sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy (lunar eyeballs) sight: and consider that this nation is thy (Gemini) people.
14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.
15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence.
16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy (Gemini) people have found grace in thy (lunar eyeballs) sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy (Gemini) people, from all the (constellations) people that are upon the (lunar eyeballs) face of the earth.
17 And the (Shekinah) Lord said unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast (red radius) spoken: for thou hast found grace in my (lunar eyeballs) sight, and I know thee by name.
18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy (Shekinah) glory.
19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
20 And he said, Thou canst not (lunar eyeballs) see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
21 And the Lord said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:
22 And it shall come to pass, while my (Shekinah) glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:
23 And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt (lunar eyeballs) see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.
Why Do Churches Rest On SUNDAY?
Jeremiah wrote, "Learn not the way of the heathen ... for the customs of the people are vain" (Jer. 10:2). "For the mystery of iniquity doth already work" (2 Th. 2:3,7). "Let no man deceive you by any means; for that day shall not come except there come a FALLING AWAY first" (2 Th. 2:3). "Take heed that no man DECEIVE you. For MANY shall come in my name, saying I am Christ; and shall DECEIVE MANY" (Matt. 24:4-5) -- "speaking PERVERSE things" (Acts 20:30) "and MANY shall follow their PERNICIOUS ways" (2 Pet. 1:2) "turning the grace of God into LASCIVIOUSNESS" (Jude 3,19) "and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto FABLES" (2 Tim. 4:3-4).
How and when did SUNDAY replace the Sabbath in the churches? Who is the "Lord" of SUNDAY? Sunday was celebrated by pagans as the "Lord's Day" over 2000 years before the resurrection of Christ. Paul forbade Christians from honoring SUNDAY (Gal. 4:10). The churches today are in Babylon (Rev. 17) because they observe customs that were taken from Babylon and mis-labelled "Christian." The heathen world, in which the New Testament Church began to grow, was filled with pagan holidays in honor of "gods many, and LORDS many" (1 Cor. 8:5). Which LORD is it then whose resurrection was celebrated on SUNDAY? Not Jesus Christ. He was resurrected near the close of the Sabbath, or Saturday. Jesus Christ was not there when the women came to the tomb Sunday morning (Luke 24:1-5).
It was none other than Nimrod -- the world's first FALSE MESSIAH. It was Nimrod's false resurrection that counterfeited Christ's resurrection which was celebrated in Abraham's day and in Paul's day and our day. Nimrod was known among the heathen as "BAAL" the "LORD" and the SUNgod came to be honored on SUNDAY. "And I will punish her for the FEAST DAYS of the BAALS." Israel "forgot me, says the Lord" -- because they rejected the Sabbath. But "in that day" -- when Christ returns -- "you will call me 'My husband,' and no longer will you call me, 'My BAAL.' For I will remove the names of the BAALS from her mouth, and they shall be mentioned by name no more" (Hos. 2:13-17 RSV). Ministers have rejected his Sabbath (Ezek. 20:18-21) in favor of Baal's SUNDAY. Sunday pictures burning up in a fiery hell.
A Misplaced Comma Not A SUNDAY Resurrection
Mark 16:9 says, "Now when Jesus was RISEN early the FIRST DAY of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils." This verse sounds like Jesus was RESURRECTED on SUNDAY. But the original Greek had no punctuation. There were no chapter breaks, no verses, no periods, commas, semi-colons, question marks, etc. The punctuation was added by the translators of modern times as they thought proper. A comma in the wrong place can change the meaning of the sentence. Now let's insert the comma where it should be placed. "Now when Jeus had risen, early on the first day of the week he appeared first to Mary Magdalene". It does not say he arose on SUNDAY. Yet all of popular Christianity celebrates a EASTER SUNDAY RESURRECTION.
Sixtus Celebrated Easter Sunday
Irenaeus, a bishop in France, wrote a letter to bishop Victor of Rome, toward the close of the second century. He names specifically the men who first began to observe not only every SUNDAY, but also "EASTER SUNDAY" and who forbade the Passover and the Sabbath to be observed in accordance with the practice of the apostles: "We mean Anicetus, and Pius, and Hyginus, and Telesphorus, and Xystus. They neither observed it" -- the true Passover on the 14th of Nisan -- "nor did they permit those after them to do so."
Who were these men? Bishops of the church at Rome. Here is the first record, by a Catholic, of the fact that the Roman bishops observed the Passover on a SUNDAY. It was bishop Xystus (his name is also spelled Sixtus) who was the first recorded individual to prevent the proper observance of the Sabbath and the Passover, and to celebrate the sacred mysteries each SUNDAY morning, and annually on a SUNDAY. Irenaeus says his doctrine was in direct opposition to the practice of the remainder of the churches. Bishop Sixtus was living at the beginning of the second century, just after the apostle John died. According to Roman Catholic tradition, he enforced his new practice not later than about 115 AD and 125 AD.
While at Rome, Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, discussed the matter of EASTER SUNDAY with the Roman bishop. Irenaeus continued: "For neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp not to observe it" -- Passover -- "because he had always observed it with John the disciple of our Lord, and the rest of the apostles, with whom he associated; and neither did Polycarp persuade Anicetus to observe it, who said that he was bound to follow the customs of the presbyters before him" (Eusebius Eccl. Hist. book 5 ch. 24) which was EASTER SUNDAY.
"Pope Pius, who lived about 147, had made a decree, That the annual solemnity of the Pasch (Passover in Greek), should be kept only on the Lord's day" -- SUNDAY -- "and in confirmation of this he pretended, that Hermes, his brother, who was then an eminent teacher among them, had received instruction from an angel, who commanded that all men should keep the Pasch on the Lord's day" (pp. 1148-1149 Bingham's Antiquities of the Christian Church).
The forgery known as the Epistle of Barnabas ("Your present Sabbaths are not acceptable to Me") and another called the Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians ("Let us therefore no longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner ... eating things prepared the day before") both tried to replace the Sabbath with SUNDAY. Furthermore, the spurious "Apostolic Constitutions" tried to advocate both the Sabbath and SUNDAY. All of these forgeries used as an excuse that SUNDAY was the day when our Lord was supposedly resurrected. He wasn't. But John declared "Beloved, no new commandment write I to you, but an old commandment which ye had from the beginning: the old commandment is the word which ye heard" (1 John 2:7). "But in VAIN do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men" (Mark 7:7).
They "think to change times and laws" (Dan. 7:25).
About 150 AD, Justin Martyr explained the "Christian" practices of the Catholic Church in the West: "Sunday is the day on which we all hold our common assembly, because ... Jesus Christ our Savior on the same day rose from the dead" (First Apology, ch. 67, Ante-Nicene Fathers). However, Justin Martyr admitted that there were many who followed the Bible in his day. There were Christians with whom he sometimes associated who observed the sabbaths and the annual festivals of God (De Corona ch. 47).
When some Romans criticized the early Catholics for SUN-WORSHIP, Tertullian responded: "It is a well known fact that we pray toward the EAST... we make SUNDAY a day of festivity. What then? Do you (pagans) do less than this? Do not many among you, with an affection of sometimes worshipping the heavenly bodies likewise, move your lips in the direction of the SUNRISE ... It is you ... who have admitted the SUN into the calendar of the week; and you have selected its DAY, in preference to the preceding day (Sabbath), as the most suitable in the week for either an entire abstinence from the bath, for for its postponements until the evening, or for taking rest, and for banqueting" (Ad Nationes 1:13). SUNDAY observance came from SUN-WORSHIP. Tertullian justified the practices of his day by appealing to the practices of the heathen, instead of the Bible. Tertullian, the father of Latin Christianity, never quotes any scripture for his beliefs. He claims tradition for the customs of his day. Here is what he wrote about Sunday and similar customs: "If, for these and other such rules, you insist upon having positive Scripture injunction, you will find none. Tradition will be held forth to you as the originator of them, custom as their strengthener, and faith, as their preserver" (De Corona, sect. 4).
Origen was a Catholic who instructed Catholics how to observe the Sabbath in 230 AD: He wrote: "But what is the feast of the Sabbath except that of which the apostle speaks, 'There remaineth therefore a Sabbatism' (Hebrews 4:9), that is, the observance of the Sabbath by the people of God? (Notice how this man understood his native Greek tongue!) Leaving the Jewish observances of the Sabbath, let us see how the Sabbath ought to be observed by a Christian. On the Sabbath day all worldly labors ought to be abstained from. If, therefore, you cease from all secular works, and execute nothing worldly, but give yourselves up to spiritual exercises, repairing to church, attending to sacred reading and instruction ... this is the observance of the Christian Sabbath" (Origen's Opera, Book 2, p. 358). The word Sabbath never meant SUNDAY to early Catholics.
Diocletian, Maximian and Galerius were the Roman Emperors who prohibited every form of Christianity in the fourth century. The persecutions lasted for ten years. Then the professing Christian religion suddenly emerged to freedom under an Edict of Toleration. Christianity was looked upon by the political leaders of the Roman Empire as the future state religion.
Constantine's Mark of the Beast
Then in 321 AD on the seventh of March, an unusual edict was issued by Crispus and Constantine, often designated as the earliest Sunday law. It read thus: "On the venerable day of the sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country, however, persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain sowing or for vine planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost." (Codex Justinianus book 3:12:3; translated in History of the Christian Church, by Schaff, vol. 3 p. 380). This edict was a civil statute, not an ecclesiastical one. It was a heathen institution. Hutton Webster says: "This legislation by Constantine probably bore no relation to Christianity; it appears, on the contrary, that the emperor, in his capacity of Pontifex Maximus (a title the popes later took from the Emperors), was only adding the day of the Sun, the worship of which was then firmly established in the Roman Empire, to the other feral days of the sacred calendar" (Rest Days, pp. 122-123). Sunday is the "mark of the beast" -- the political Roman Empire. It was imposed by the State. True Christians must avoid it.
Then the Emperor authorized persecution. Around 332, Constantine issued what is known as the Edict Against the Heretics,
Victor Constantinus, Maximus Augustus, to the heretics. “Understand now, by this present statute, ye Novatians, Valentinians, Marcionites, Paulians, ye who are called Cataphrygians, and all ye who devise and support heresies by means of your private assemblies, with what a tissue of falsehood and vanity, with what destructive and venomous errors, your doctrines are inseparably interwoven; so that through you the healthy soul is stricken with disease, and the living becomes the prey of everlasting death. Ye haters and enemies of truth and life, in league with destruction! All your counsels are opposed to the truth, but familiar with deeds of baseness; full of absurdities and fictions: and by these ye frame falsehoods, oppress the innocent, and withhold the light from them that believe. Ever trespassing under the mask of godliness, ye fill all things with defilement: ye pierce the pure and guileless conscience with deadly wounds, while ye withdraw, one may almost say, the very light of day from the eyes of men. But why should I particularize, when to speak of your criminality as it deserves demands more time and leisure than I can give? For so long and unmeasured is the catalogue of your offenses, so hateful and altogether atrocious are they, that a single day would not suffice to recount them all. And, indeed, it is well to turn one’s ears and eyes from such a subject, lest by a description of each particular evil, the pure sincerity and freshness of one’s own faith be impaired. Why then do I still bear with such abounding evil; especially since this protracted clemency is the cause that some who were sound are become tainted with this pestilent disease? Why not at once strike, as it were, at the root of so great a mischief by a public manifestation of displeasure?" (Chapter LXIV.—Constantine’s Edict against the Heretics. This document is from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library at Calvin College).
Council of Laodicea
About 365 AD the Council of Laodicea was called to settle the Sabbath question. The 29th Canon reads as follows: "Christians must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather, honouring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ." (Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers, vol. VIX, p.148).
The force of the Roman State had already been utilized in 325 AD to confiscate the property and destroy the lives of any who obeyed God's command to keep the Passover. Now in 365 AD the Roman State was moving to persecute Sabbath-keepers. Why give such a command if there were no Christians observing the Sabbath?
Not only was Sabbath-keeping forbidden at this council, but the 37th and 38th canons also forbade Catholics from observing any of the annual festivals. "It is not lawful to receive portions sent from the FEASTS of Jews or heretics, nor to FEAST together with them." "It is not lawful to receive UNLEAVENED BREAD from the Jews, nor to be partakers of their impiety" (Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, p.151). These ecclesiastical laws had the force of civil laws, especially following the time of Theodosius (378-395). The 16th canon reads: "The Gospels are to be read on the Sabbath, with the other Scriptures" (Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, p.133). The Sabbath mentioned is the seventh day of the week. Therefore, although Catholics were required to work on Saturday, they were still commanded to attend church that day.
Socrates, the Catholic Historian, in speaking of the Eastern churches during the life of Chrysostom (345-407), wrote: "'Saturday and the Lord's day (were) the two great festivals, on which they always held church assemblies.' And Cassian takes notice of the Egyptian churches, that among them the service of the Lord's day and the sabbath was always the same" (Bingham's Antiquities, p. 656).
Public worship on Saturday persisted in the churches long after the Council of Laodicea.
Gregory, Bishop of Nyassa, a representative of the Eastern churches, about ten years after the Council at Laodicea dared to tell the world: "With what eyes can you behold the Lord's day, when you despise the Sabbath? Do you not perceive that they are sisters, and that in slighting the one, you affront the other?"
Augustine, around 400 AD, declared: "The holy doctors of the church (not the Bible, but men) have decreed that all the glory of the Jewish Sabbath is transferred to it (SUNDAY). Let us therefore keep the Lord's day as the ancients were commanded to do the Sabbath" (Sabbath Laws, p.284). It was the Roman Church which altered God's law and transferred the law of the Sabbath to SUNDAY (Dan. 7:25). It was another six hundred years until Pope Gregory of Rome, in the West, anathematized "Those who taught that it was not lawful to do work on the day of the Sabbath" (History of the Popes, vol. 2, p.378). Sabbath keeping was obliterated from Rome by the sixth century (Andrews, History of the Sabbath, p. 375). The Eastern church extirpated it in another 400 years (about 1000 AD). The Sabbath was also stamped out by the churches of the British Isles and the continent where, according to Webster's Rest Days, "The Celts kept Saturday as a day of rest, with special religious services on Sunday (A. Bellesheim, History of the Catholic Church in Scotland, Edinburgh, 1887-1890, i, 86)."
Sozomen, in the mid-fifth century reported:
"The people of Constantinople, and almost everywhere, assemble together on the Sabbath as well as on the first day of the week, which custom is never observed at Rome or at Alexandria" (Sozomen. THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY OF SOZOMEN. Comprising a History of the Church, from a.d. 323 to a.d. 425. Book VII, Chapter XIX.)
"Dissenters who kept the Sabbath, existed under different names from the time of the Pope to the Reformation. They were either the descendants of those who fled from the heathen persecutions previous to the time of Constantine, or else those who, when he began to rule the church and force false practices upon it, refused submission, and sought seclusion and freedom to obey God. In their earlier history they were known as Nazarenes, Cerinthians and Hypsistarii, and later, as Vaudois, Cathari, Toulousians, Albigenses, Petrobrusians, Passagii, and Waldenses...These widely scattered Sabbath reformers were our denominational ancestors" (Lewis A.H. THE SABBATH FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST TO ITS APPEARANCE IN ENGLAND. Reprinted from "Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America" Volume 1, 1910 pp 11-18).
Sunday is a Catholic Mark
“Sunday is our mark of authority. . . .The church is above the Bible, and this transference is proof of that fact.” (The Catholic Record, September 1, 1923).
“Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change (from Saturday to Sunday) was her act. It could not have been otherwise, as none in those days would have dreamed of doing anything in matters spiritual and religious without her, and the act is a mark of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters.” (The Catholic Mirror, September 23, 1893; also Wehr J. Who Are These Three Angels? Hartland Publications, 1997, p. 112)
“Perhaps the boldest thing, the most revolutionary change the Church ever did, happened in the first century. The holy day, the Sabbath, was changed from Saturday to Sunday. 'The Day of the Lord' (dies Dominica) was chosen, not from any directions noted in the Scriptures, but from the Church's sense of its own power. The day of resurrection, the day of Pentecost, fifty days later, came on the first day of the week. So this would be the new Sabbath. People who think that the Scriptures should be the sole authority, should logically…keep Saturday holy”. (Priest Leo Broderick, Saint Catherine Catholic Church Sentinel, Algonac, Michigan, May 21, 1995. as reported in Morgan K. Sabbath Rest. TEACH Services, Inc., 2002, p. 59)
“It was the Catholic Church which…transferred this rest to the Sunday in remembrance of the resurrection of the Lord. Thus the observance of Sunday by the Protestants is an homage they pay, in spite of themselves, to the authority of the church.” (Monsignor Louis Segur. “Plain Talk about the Protestantism of Today.” Patrick Donahoe, 1868, p 225 (note some other sources say p. 213); as cited in Hartland Publications. What Shall I Do to Inherit Eternal Life? 2004, p. 83)
The Protestant reformers and translators of the Bible, Cranmer, Tyndale, Zwingle, Calvin, Luther and others recognized that SUNDAY is merely the result of tradition. They knew it did not come from the Bible. Why didn't the Protestants accept the Sabbath?
"Luther's Larger Catechism taught that one day is not essentially better than another, but that, since it is not possible to devote each day in the week to a special reigious celebration, one day should be set apart for that purpose and that, to avoid the unnecessary disturbance which an innovation would occassion, it should continue to be SUNDAY. The Augsburg Confession (art. 28) protests against the Sabbath substitution theory" (Shaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, article "Sunday"). Protestants have voluntarily adopted the MARK of the Beast -- the Roman Empire's national holiday.
Carlstadt was one of the few men in the Reformation who observed the Sabbath and the festivals. He understood the laws given by God to Moses were still binding. But his teachings were rejected by the leaders of the Protestant movements. Luther admitted in his book Against the Celestial Prophets: "Indeed, if Carlstadt were to write further about the Sabbath, SUNDAY would have to give way, and the Sabbath -- that is to say, Saturday -- must be kept holy."
Protestant Daughters Obey Catholic Harlot Mother
Jesus Christ said of the Pharisees, "'In vain they worship Me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.' For laying aside the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of men.... All too well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your tradition" (Mark 7:7-9). Yet notice what other churches admit regarding their observance of Sunday instead of Saturday.
Stephen Keenan, A Doctinal Catechism, p. 174:
"Question: Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?
"Answer: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her—she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday, the seventh day, a change for which there is no scriptural authority....
"Question: When Protestants do profane work upon Saturday... do they follow the Scripture as their only rule of faith...?
"Answer: On the contrary, they have only the authority of tradition for this practice. In profaning Saturday, they violate one of God's commandments, which He has never clearly abrogated, 'Remember thou keep holy the Sabbath.'"
The Convert's Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, 3rd ed., p. 50:
"Question: Which is the Sabbath day?
"Answer: Saturday is the Sabbath day.
"Question: Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
"Answer: We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea [c. 363] transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday."
Catholic Press, Aug. 25, 1900
"Sunday is a Catholic institution, and... can be defended only on Catholic principles.... From beginning to end of Scripture there is not a single passage that warrants the transfer of weekly public worship from the last day of the week to the first."
Charles Buck, A Theological Dictionary, "Sabbath":
"Sabbath in the Hebrew language signifies rest, and is the seventh day of the week... and it must be confessed that there is no law in the New Testament concerning the first day."
Clovis Chappell, Ten Rules for Living, p. 61:
"The reason we observe the first day instead of the seventh is based on no positive command. One will search the Scriptures in vain for authority for changing from the seventh day to the first."
The Christian at Work", April 19, 1883, and Jan. 1884:
"Some have tried to build the observance of Sunday upon Apostolic command, whereas the Apostles gave no command on the matter at all.... The truth is, so soon as we appeal to the litera scripta [literal writing] of the Bible, the Sabbatarians have the best of the argument."
Isaac William, D.D., Plain Sermons on the Catechism, vol. 1:
"Where are we told in Scripture that we are to keep the first day at all? We are commanded to keep the seventh; but we are nowhere commanded to keep the first day.... The reason why we keep the first day of the week holy instead of the seventh is for the same reason that we observe many other things, not because the Bible, but because the Church, has enjoined it."
Philip Carrington, Toronto Daily Star, Oct. 26, 1949:
"The Bible commandment says on the seventh day thou shalt rest. That is Saturday. Nowhere in the Bible is it laid down that worship should be done on Sunday."
Harold Lindsell (editor), Christianity Today, Nov. 5, 1976:
"There is nothing in Scripture that requires us to keep Sunday rather than Saturday as a holy day."
The Sabbath a "Shadow Of Things To Come"
Colossians 2:16-17 says, "Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the SABBATH days: Which are a SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME." How could the Sabbath have been nailed to the cross when Paul wrote this in 64 AD -- some 33 years after the cross? How could the SABBATH have been done away when it pictures a REALITY that has not yet appeared? "There remains therefore a KEEPING OF THE SABBATH to the people of God" (Heb. 4:9). Man has been on earth for almost 6000 years now and a thousand years is a day with God (2 Pet. 3:8). Revelation 20 mentions the Millenium Rest. This is what the Sabbath foreshadows.