2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a (Milky Way) valley between them.
4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named (Sagittarius) Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 And he had an (solar) helmet of brass upon his head, and he was (yellow radius) armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
6 And he had (yellow radius) greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
7 And the (yellow radius) staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one (Aquarius) bearing a (lunar) shield went before him.
8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye (Gemini, Orion, Auriga & Perseus) servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
11 When Saul and all Israel (lunar ears) heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's (Aries and white lunar) sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening (360 = 12 hours), and presented himself forty days.
17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves (5 lunar gibbous moons x 2 laps), and run to the camp of thy brethren;
18 And carry these ten cheeses (5 lunar gibbous moons x 2 laps) unto the captain of their thousand, and (lunar eyeballs) look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 And David rose up early in the (sun on yellow radius horizon) morning, and left the (Aries & white lunar) sheep with a (Auriga) keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the (Milky Way) trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
22 And David left his (Auriga) carriage in the hand of the (Auriga) keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his (Gemini) brethren.
23 And as he (Orion) talked with them (Gemini) , behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name (Sagittarius), out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David (lunar ear) heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they (lunar eyeballs) saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.
25 And the (Gemini) men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the (Cepheus) king will enrich him with great (solar and lunar -- gold and silver) riches, and will give him his (Pollux) daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
26 And David (Orion) spake to the (Gemini) men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
27 And the (Gemini) people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
28 And Eliab his eldest brother (lunar ear) heard when he (Orion) spake unto the (Gemini) men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few (Aries & white lunar) sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest (lunar eyes) see the battle.
29 And David (Orion) said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the (Gemini) people answered him again after the former manner.
31 And when the words were (lunar ears) heard which David (golden radius line) spake, they rehearsed them before (Cepheus) Saul: and he sent for him.
32 And David (Orion) said to Saul (Cepheus), Let no man's (lunar) heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a (Leo) lion, and a (Ursa Major) bear, and took a lamb (Aries) out of the flock:
35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his (Cancer, Leo or lunar) mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
36 Thy servant slew both the (Leo) lion and the (Ursa Major) bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
37 David said moreover, The Lord that delivered me out of the (Cancer or paw) paw of the lion, and out of the (Cancer or paw) paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the Lord be with thee.
38 And Saul armed David with his (Perseus) armour, and he put an helmet of (Perseus) brass upon his (Perseus) head; also he armed him with a (Perseus) coat of mail.
39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
40 And he took his (yellow) staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth (lunar) stones out of the (Milky Way) brook, and put them in a (black crescent) shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his (Orion) hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the (crescent) shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and (red radius) ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a (crescent) shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
46 This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the (Aquila, Cygnus, Lyra) fowls of the air, and to the wild (Leo, Ursa Major) beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 And all this assembly shall know that the Lord saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands.
48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a (lunar) stone, and (Orion) slang it, and smote the Philistine in his (Sagittarius) forehead, that the (lunar) stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
50 So (Orion) David prevailed over the (Sagittarius) Philistine with a sling and with a (lunar) stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines (lunar eyeballs) saw their champion was dead, they fled.
52 And the (Gemini) men of Israel and of Judah arose, and (yellow radius) shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
53 And the (Gemini) children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
Was King David A Type of Christ?
|"Unmoved he hears the crowd's tumultuous cries,
And the impetuous tyrant's angry brow defies." -- Horace
9. Just as David was the sole representative for Israel and fought against Goliath and won (1 Sam 17:8-11), so Jesus Christ was the sole representative for Israel and fought against sin and won victory over death. Rom 5:18-19 says, "Consequently, just as the result of one trespass (Adam’s) was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness (Jesus’) was justification that brings life for all men. For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous."
10. Just as David was sent by his father to the battle (1 Sam 17:8-9), so Christ was sent by his Father to the battle. First John 4:14 says, "And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world."
11. Just as David was rejected by his brothers (1 Sam 17:28), so Christ was also rejected by his brothers. John 7:5 says, " ‘For not even His brothers were believing in Him." David was hated and envied by his brethren and misused by them when he came to them on a kind errand from his father, to bring them provision. In this way, he resembled the Messiah, as Joseph did.
12. Just as David had fought the lion (Babylon gold) and the bear (Medo-Persia silver) when they had come against his flock and was trained by these past experiences to now defeat the bronze (Greece) and iron (Roman) metal statue called Goliath (1 Sam 17:33-37), so also our Lord Jesus had to learn from the things He suffered. Even though He was God, he lived on this earth as a man – yet in total dependence upon His Father as man had been created to live. And as a man He had to learn obedience! Heb 5:8 says, "Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered." He will be the stone that smites the metal statue of pagan human rule (gold, silver, bronze, and iron) and then sets up his kingdom.
13. Just as David's victory was Israel's victory (1 Sam 17:51-53), so also our Lord's victory is our victory. Romans 5:19 says, " For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous."
When Saul saw David returning from his victory, he says over and over with great admiration concerning him, “Whose son is this youth?” (1 Samuel 17:55), “Inquire whose son this stripling is” (1 Samuel 17:56), “Whose son art thou?” (1 Samuel 17:58). In the same way, Psalms 24:8 asks, “Who is this king of glory?” Again Psalms 24:10, and Isaiah 63:1 ask, “Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bosrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?” When our Lord returns, he will wage battles and win. The daughters of Israel went forth to meet King David and sang praises to him when he returned from the slaughter of the Philistine. In the same way, Christians will sing prises to our Lord when he returns (Psalm 24 & 68 etc.).
14. Both were and are kings in exile [or suffering servants (Isa. 53)]. David was greatly persecuted and his life was sought unjustly. This agrees with our Lord's life. Just as David was victorious but didn't become king immediately, but was king in exile, so also our Lord died, was resurrected victorious, and remains in exile for 2000 years, yet to return. 1 Sam 22:1-2 says, "David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their leader. About four hundred men were with him."
In fact, He is a King in exile while another King (Saul) whom God has rejected still seems to have authority over the throne. Judgement has been pronounced upon King Saul because of his pride and disobedience, yet for the mean time he still reigns. What does this picture? We live in a world where its ruler, Satan (called the God of this world, the prince of the power of the air), has been judged because of his pride and disobedience. This happened at the cross as we read in Col 2:15 ‘When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.’ And even though Jesus is the true King, like David was in this passage, he is not yet reigning upon this earth. He is a King in exile so to speak. Rev 11:15 ‘And the seventh angel sounded; and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever."
15. Just as "All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him (David), and he became their leader. About four hundred men were with him" (1 Sam. 22:2), so also "ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called" (1 Cor. 1:26-29) and gather around Christ our Lord. Those who find it hard to fit in to Satan's world are often Christians.
Following David meant associating themselves with one who wasn’t popular. It meant trials, and hardship, yet once David came into his kingdom, it was all completely worth it! And so it is with Christians. How strange it can be to live in one world, and not be a part of it, while following a different king! A King who is the rightful ruler, yet one who has not yet come to take possession of His kingdom. Yet we know, like David’s men, the rightful king will one day come into His kingdom and on that day we shall be rewarded for our service. Please read 1 Chronicles chapter 11 and 12. Notice how everyone who helped David is named and rewarded! So it shall be with us.
David’s host is compared to the host of God (1 Chronicles 12:22). David, as it were raised from the dead, was wonderfully delivered from death when in great danger, was brought back from the wilderness and from banishment and from caves of the earth that resembled the grave. Psalm 30:3 says, “O Lord, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave” just as the Messiah was resurrected from death.
David’s followers, that came to him to make him king, were men of understanding, mighty men of valor, and men of a perfect heart (1 Chronicles 12). This is also the case with Christians. David was made king by the choice both of God and his people (1 Chronicles 11:1–3 and 1 Chronicles 12; 2 Samuel 2:4, 2 Samuel 5:1–3). This agrees with the prophecies of the Messiah. Hosea 1:11, “Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head.” David was made king with great feasting and rejoicing (1 Chronicles 12:39–40). This is what will happen also at the return of our Lord and the introduction of the Kingdom of God.
16. Next David captured Jerusalem, which was controlled by the Jebusites, and established its capital there. Ever after it would be known as The City of David. When Jesus our Lord returns, he will make Jerusalem his capital and call it by his name.
17. David was victorious in battle. "The Lord gave David victory wherever he went" (1 Chr 18:13). "By the hand of my servant David will I save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies” (2 Sam. 3:18). He defeated the Philistines, capturing Gath, and defeating the Edomites, the Moabites, the Arameans, Hadadezer king of Zobah, and numerous other tribes. (See 2 Samuel 7:9 and 2 Samuel 8:6, 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Chronicles 17:8, 1 Chronicles 17:10 and 1 Chronicles 18:6, 1 Chronicles 18:13; 2 Samuel 22:1–20). First Samuel 16:18, says “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse, a mighty valiant man.”
The same will be true of Christ our Lord (Psalm 2, Psalm 45, Psalm 110, and Psalm 89) Invincible. Psalm 45:3 says, “Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.” Isaiah 63:1, “Who is this travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” And in this very thing the Messiah is compared to David. Psalms 89:19–20 says, “I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people. I have found David my servant.”
18. King David had at least eight wives named in Holy Scripture as a type of the church marrying Christ. The first, Michal, Saul's daughter, is noted for scorning David’s prophetic dance upon receiving the Ark of the Covenant; this is why she was said to be barren. The second, Abigail, had lived with her husband Nabal in Carmel when David came through in his flight from Saul. While Nabal refused any aid, Abigail secretly interceded, bringing David many supplies. Afterwards, when Abigail told her husband of the help she had given David, he dropped dead from (seemingly) a heart attack, leaving Abigail free to marry David. The other wives listed (see 1 Chr 3) were Maacha, daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; Haggith; Abital; Eglah; and Bathsheba, mother of Solomon. He also took "more wives" in Jerusalem. In all, 1 Chronicles lists by name nineteen sons of David. David’s marriage with Abigail, the wife of a son of Belial, a virtuous woman and of a beautiful countenance, parallels our Lord marrying the church of Christ -- now freed from a state of guilt and bondage to sin (Nabal -- fool).
19. King David was fair and just. He did right in God's sight (1 Kings 15:5), a man after His own heart (Acts 13:22), one whose heart was perfect with the Lord his God (1 Kings 11:4); one that went fully after the Lord (1 Kings 11:6); one that did that that was right in the eyes of the Lord (1 Kings 15:11, 2 Kings 18:3, 2 Chronicles 28:1 and 2 Chronicles 29:2). He is spoken of as pure and upright and righteous; one that had clean hands; that kept the ways of the Lord and did not wickedly depart from God (2 Samuel 22:21–27). For example, David rewarded all of his men equally, even those too exhausted to continue the chase, after his great victory over the Amakelites (1 Sam 30:23). This episode may be seen as reminiscent of Christ's Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard (Matthew 20). He refused to ever touch his adversary King Saul as an example of submission to those in authority, was furious about the rape of Tamar, and lamented the death of his rebellious son Absalom, whom he had ordered that no one injure, etc. David insulted the idols as lame and blind and destroyed them (2 Samuel 5:21). Christ will be a fair and just king that will make all others pale by comparison.
20. David was of a humble, meek and merciful spirit (1 Samuel 18:23; 2 Samuel 6:21–22; 2 Samuel 7:18; 1 Samuel 24; 1 Samuel 26; 2 Samuel 2:5, 2 Samuel 2:21, 1, 2 Samuel 4:9–12 and 2 Samuel 7:18; 2 Samuel 22:26). This agrees with what is said of the Messiah, Zechariah 9:9, “He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding on an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.” Isaiah 42:3, “A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.” Isaiah 40:11, “He shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.” Isaiah 53:7, “He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, as a sheep before his shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.”
21. David was a person that was eminent for wisdom and prudence. First Samuel 16:18 says, “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse… prudent in matters.” First Samuel 18:5 says, “And David behaved himself wisely.” First Samuel 18:14, “And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways.” 1 Samuel 18:30 says, “David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul.” Psalms 78:72 says, “He guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.” This agrees with our Lord who is wise (Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 11:2–3 and Isaiah 41:28–29 with Isaiah 42:1, Isaiah 52:13, Zechariah 3:7).
22. We read in Psalm 132:11-12: "The LORD swore to David a sure oath from which he will not turn back: “One of the sons of your body I will set on your throne. If your sons keep my covenant and my testimonies that I shall teach them, their sons also forever shall sit on your throne.” (ESV, emphases added) Our Lord Yeshua is a descendant of David and will sit on that throne: "Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified” (Acts 2:29-36 ESV). Now He graciously shares His throne with all who are united to Him by faith, as we read in passages such as Ephesians 2:6, “God raised us up with Christ and seated us in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus,” and Revelation 3:21, “To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with Me on My throne, just as I overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne.” David says of himself, 1 Chronicles 28:4, “The Lord God of Israel chose me to be king over Israel forever.” And God says to him, 2 Samuel 7:16, “And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee: thy throne shall be established forever."
23. David was betrayed by Ahithophel who was a friend who ate at David's table, and who later turned against him (Ps. 41:9). He was David's counselor and adviser. David wrote of him: "For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me: then I would have hid myself from him: But it was thou, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance. We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company" (Ps. 55:12-14). Ahithophel was highly honored in David's court. Ahithophel was the father of Eliam, who was the father of Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite (2 Sam. 23:34, 11:3). Ahithophel was Bathsheba's grandfather. Eliam and Uriah were numbered among the top 30 valiant men in David's army and were part of the palace guard (2 Sam. 23:23,34,39). That is why Bathsheba lived close to the king's palace. David murdered a valiant soldier and a trusted, intimate friend when he killed Uriah. But why did Ahithophel turn against David? Possibly he induced Bathsheba to take a bath on a rooftop, just at the right time to be seen by the king. If David were to be seduced to marry Bathsheba, Ahithophel would become part of the royal family. After he saw David's repentance for his sin with Bathsheba, Ahithophel took his chances with Absalom instead. Absalom, David's son, conspired to remove David from his throne: "And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom" (2 Sam. 15:12) . Absalom had stolen the hearts of the people, probably with the advice of Ahithophel (verse 6). When Absalom led an army against Jerusalem, David fled for his life (verses 13-14). Then verse 31: "And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness." (Ahithophel's name means "foolishness."). Furthermore, David asked Hushai, another trusted friend and adviser, to return to Jerusalem instead of fleeing with him (2 Sam. 15:32). Why? "But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel" (verse 34). Hushai did give counsel contrary to Ahithophel's and Absalom followed it. This saved David's life and ultimately led to David being restored as king over Israel. (See 2 Samuel 17-19). When Ahithophel found that his counsel was rejected, he realized Absalom would be defeated, so he hanged himself (2 Sam. 17:23). The delay in attacking David meant David could regroup his forces and win back his throne. Then Ahithophel would be executed as a traitor. He could not stand the thought of the punishment that would come upon him and the disgrace upon his family. In his state of depression he, like Judas Iscariot, committed suicide. Christ later quoted this psalm, "He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me" (John 13:18; Psalm 41:9) in referring prophetically to Judas. And here, too, is the story of a true friend and counselor of David, Hushai, a man who remained loyal to him, just as the other apostles remained loyal to Christ.