Was Jesus A High Priest?

 

John the Baptist's father was the priest Zecharias, of the course of Abias, or Abijah, the eighth course of the Levite priesthood (1 Chr. 24:10; Luke 1:5); his mother was "of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth" (Luke 1:5). Elisabeth was also COUSIN to the virgin Mary (Luke 1:36), who was descended from Judah's House of David. Therefore the two families had intermarried -- Levi and Judah -- the House of David with the House of Aaron.

Now Phinehas was promised an "EVERLASTING PRIESTHOOD" (Nu. 25:12-13; Ezra 8:2; 1 Esdras 5:5; Ps. 106:30-31; Ecclesiasticus 45:24-25). Yet with the murder of Aristobulus, the last of the Asmonians, by Herod the Great, the Aaronic succession was nullified. "Herod made men of low birth high priests, deposed them at his will, and named others in their room" (Smith's Dict. of the Bible, art. "High Priest"). So how did God keep his promise to Phinehas? He sent his Messiah "an high priest ... by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place" (Heb. 9:11-12). The KINGSHIP and PRIESTHOOD were MERGED in JESUS. As Paul said, "the priesthood being changed (merged into Judah), there is made of necessity a change also of the law ... For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of JUDAH" (Heb. 7:12). But Josephus says in Antiquities 12:4:1-2 that a daughter of the LEVITE high priest Simon the Just married Mattathias II (Tobias), whose Aaronic son by her was Joseph (Luke 3:24-25) the ancestor of Jesus the Messiah. Therefore Jesus was Aaronic on his father's side. The Virgin Mary's mother was Hanna who was "the daughter of noble parents who offered up offerings before God Almighty, and who were LEVITES belonging to the priesthood" (Legends of Our Mary the Perpetual Virgin and her mother Hanna, translated from the Ethiopic manuscripts collected by King Theodore at Makdala, and now in the British Museum, by Sir Wallis Budge; 1922, p.13) The Koran adds that Zecharias had married Mary's mother's sister (ch. 3) who was "of the daughters of AARON" (Luke 1:5) which would make Jesus Aaronic on his mother's side also. The Book of the Cave of Treasures, attributed to Ephraim the Syrian (c.306-373 A.D.), contains a geneology of Christ which says, "Abiud (Matt. 1:13) took to wife Zakhyath, the daughter of Joshua, the son of Yozadak, the PRIEST, and begot by her Eliakim" (Sir Wallis Budge's translation, 1927, p.194). (Josedec, 1 Esdras 5:5, 48,56; 6:2; 9:19; Ecclesiasticus 49:12, father of Joshua the high priest of Josephus).

The son of Joseph of Arimathea -- Jesus' uncle -- married into the Trojan family of British kings and produced King Arthur, Galahad and Lancelot who descended into the Tudors. Owain Tudor traces his geneology back from Anna, cousin of the "Virgin Mary." A second line of this geneology ascends through Owain's mother Elen up to Constantine the Great. It is interesting that the Tudor heraldic arms portray the "portcullis" which, with its twelve squares, resembles the golden breastplate of the high priest Therefore it was appropriate that the Tudors were the first family in England to head both church and state. The Tudors joined with the Stuarts, of the Scottish and Irish royal lines; and thus Davidic and Aaronic descent has come into the Royal House of Britain, which so appropriately provides the head of both church and state in the United Kingdom.

Once again, members of the Aaronic family had united in marriage with the House of David in the case of the families of John the Baptist and of our Lord. John's father was the priest Zecharias, of the course of Abia, or Abijah, of the eighth course of the priesthood (1 Chr. 24:10; Luke 1:5). ("AbiJah" means "My Father is Yah" -- a perfect description of Jesus' paternal ancestrty). John the Baptist's mother was "of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth" (Luke 1:5). Elisabeth was also cousin to the virgin Mary (Luke 1:36), who was descended from the House of David. It is therefore clear that the two families had intermarried -- Aaron (Elizabeth) and David (Mary). The destruction of the Aaronic Priesthood by Herod the Great with the murder of Aristobulus, the last of the Asmonians, did not negate God's promise of "an everlasting priesthood" for Phinehas and his seed (Num. 25:12-13), because the Aaronic family had by now joined with our Lord's family of David, the continuation of the succession (see Ezra 8:2; 1 Esdras 5:5; Ps. 106:30-31; Ecclesiasticus 45:24-25).

The role of the Aaronic High Priest was indeed assumed by our Lord in his ministry, who fulfilled all that was typified in the first Tabernacle: "But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us" (Heb. 9:11-12). This and other related Scriptures imply Aaronic descent of Christ. "If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood. And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof" (Heb. 7:11-18). The change that occurred was the combining of Kingship with Priesthood. They should no longer be separate in the new "Righteous King" (Melchizedek). "Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace" (Eph. 2:15).





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